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Journal publications

Preprints/In review

40. H. Szeto, V. Kumar, Y. Zhu, submitted.


39. L.F. Gockowski, C. Xiao, A. Hao, Y. Zhu, B. Liao, M.T. Valentine, E.W. Hawkes, submitted




38. C. Guan, O. Wander, H. Szeto, R.J., Clément, Y. Zhu, "Fast internal preheating of 4680 lithium-ion batteries in cold environments", Nano Research,

37. V. Kumar, Q. Fu, H. Szeto, Y. Zhu, "Heat transfer during droplet impact on a cold superhydrophobic surface via interfacial thermal mapping",

36. X. Liang, K. Karnaukh, L. Zhao, S. Seshadri, S. Bailey, Q. Cao, M. Cooper, M. Haggmark, M.E. Helgeson, M. Gordon,  P. Luzzatto-Fegiz, J. Read de Alaniz, Y. Zhu, "Real-time Manipulation of Liquid Droplets using photo-responsive surfactant", ACS Central Science,



35. P. Babb, F. Ahmadi, F. Brent, R. Gans, M.A. Lopez, A. Strom, J. Nolt, J. Song, Q. Wang, B. Zou, T. Susko, K. Fields, Y. Zhu, "Continuous passive solar desalination via thin-film condensation in microporous membrane", Cell Reports Physical Science, 2023 DOI:

34. R. Yang#, H. Szeto#, B. Zou, E. Spitaleri, B. Liao, Y. Zhu, "in situ Monitoring of Lithium Electrodeposition using Transient Grating Spectroscopy", Applied Physics Letters, 123(15), p. 153903, 2023. Editor's pick, highlighted by Scilight (# equal contribution)



33. X. Liang, V. Kumar, F. Ahmadi, Y. Zhu, "Manipulation of droplets and bubbles for thermal applications", Droplet, 1(2), p. 80-91, 2022. 

32. L. Zhao*, S. Seshadri*, X. Liang, S.J. Bailey, M. Haggmark, M. Gordon, M.E. Helgeson, J. Read de Alaniz, P. Luzzatto-Fegiz, Y. Zhu, "Depinning of Multiphase Fluid Using Light and Photo-Responsive Surfactants", ACS Central Science, 8(2), p. 235-245, 2022. (* equal contribution)



31. F. Liu, R. Xu, Y. Wu, D.T. Boyle, A. Yang, J. Xu, Y. Zhu, Y. Ye, Z. Yu, Z. Zhang, X. Xiao, W. Huang, H. Wang, H. Chen, Y. Cui, "Dynamic spatial progression of isolated lithium during battery operations", Nature, 60, p.659-663, 2021. 

30. Y. Peng*, W. Li*, B. Liu, J. Tang, G. Zhou, Y. Zhu, T. Wu, W. Huang, C. Zhang, T. Wu, C. Dames, R. Prasher, S. Fan, Y. Cui, "Integrated Cooling (i-Cool) Textile of Heat Conduction and Sweat Transportation for Personal Perspiration Management", Nature Communications, 12, 2021. (* equal contribution)


29. H. Szeto, Y. Zhu, "Battery chemical heterogeneity revealed by thermal conductivity measurement", Trends in Chemistry, 3(10), 797-799, 2021.


28. P. Luzzatto-Fegiz, F. Temprano-Coleto, F. J Peaudecerf, J.R. Landel, Y. Zhu, J.A. McMurry,"UVB radiation alone may not explain sunlight inactivation of SARS-CoV-2", The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 223(8), p. 1500–1502, 2021. 

27. H. Wang, S.C. Kim, T. Rojas, Y. Zhu, Y. Li, L. Ma, K. Xu, A. Ngo, Y. Cui, "Correlating Li-ion Solvation Structures and Electrode Potential Temperature Coefficients", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 143(5), p. 2264–2271, 2021.



26. J. Xu*, X. Xiao*, Z. Zhang, Y. Wu, D.T. Boyle, H.K. Lee, W. Huang, Y. Li, H. Wang, J. Li, Y. Zhu, B. Chen, W. Mitch, Y. Cui, "Designing a Three-phase Electrochemical Pathway to Promote Pt-catalyzed Formaldehyde Oxidation", Nano Letters, 20(12), p. 8719–8724, 2020. (* equal contribution)

25. H. Wang*, Y. Zhu*, S.C. Kim, A. Pei , Y. Li , D. Boyle , H. Wang , Z. Zhang , Y. Ye , W. Huang , Y. Liu , J. Xu , J. Li , F. Liu, Y Cui, "Underpotential Lithium Plating on Graphite Anodes Caused by Temperature Heterogeneity", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(47), p. 29453-29461, 2020. (* equal contribution)


24. L. Zhao, Y. Qi, P. Luzzato-Fegiz, Y. Cui, Y. Zhu, "COVID-19: Effects of environmental conditions on the propagation of respiratory droplets", Nano Letters, 20(10), p. 7744–7750, 2020.


23.  M. Wei, Y. Song, Y. Zhu, D.J. Preston, C.S. Tan, E.N. Wang, "Heat transfer suppression by suspended droplets on microstructured surfaces", Applied Physics Letters, 116, p. 233703, 2020.

22. G. Zhou , A. Yang , Y. Wang , G. Gao , A. Pei , X. Yu , Y. Zhu , L. Zong , B. Liu , J. Xu , N. Liu , J. Zhang , Y. Li , L.W. Wang , H. Hwang , M. Brongersma , S. Chu, Y. Cui, "Electrotunable liquid sulphur microdroplets", Nature Communications, 11, p. 606, 2020.


21.  Y. Liu, Y. Zhu, Y. Cui, "Challenges and opportunities for fast charging lithium–ion batteries", Nature Energy, 4, p. 540-550, 2019.

20.  Y. Zhu*, J. Xie*, A. Pei, B. Liu, Y. Wu, D. Lin, J. Li, H. Wang, H. Chen, J. Xu, A. Yang, C.-L. Wu, H. Wang, W. Chen, Y. Cui, "Fast lithium growth and short circuit induced by localized-temperature hotspots in lithium batteries", Nature Communications, 10(1), p. 2067, 2019. (* equal contribution) Highlighted in SLAC news.


19.  H. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Li, Y. Liu, D. Lin, C. Zhu, G. Chen, A. Yang, K. Yan, H. Chen, Y. Zhu, J. Li, J. Xie, J. Xu, Z. Zhang, R. Vilá, A. Pei, K. Wang, Y. Cui, "Wrinkled Graphene Cages as Hosts for High-Capacity Li Metal Anodes Shown by Cryogenic Electron Microscopy", Nano Letters, 19(2), p. 1326-1335, 2019.


18.  H. Wang, D. Lin, J. Xie, Y. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Li, J. Xu, G. Zhou, Z. Zhang, A. Pei, Y. Zhu, K. Liu, K. Wang, Y. Cui, "An Interconnected Channel‐Like Framework as Host for Lithium Metal Composite Anodes", Advanced Energy Materials, 9(7), p. 1802720, 2019. 

17.  J. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Chen, Z. Lu, J. Xu, A. Pei, Y. Peng, Z. Zhang, S. Chu, Y. Cui, "Breathing Mimicking Electrocatalysis for Oxygen Evolution and Reduction", Joule, 3(2), p. 557-569, 2019


16.  L. Zhang*, Y. Zhu*, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, K.R. Bagnall, S.R. Rao, E.N. Wang, "Characterization of thin film evaporation in micropillar wicks using micro-Raman spectroscopy", Applied Physics Letters, 113, p. 163701, 2018. (* equal contribution)


15.  J. Li, G. Chen, Y. Zhu, Z. Liang, A. Pei, C-L. Wu, H. Wang, H.R. Lee, K. Liu, S. Chu, Y. Cui, "Efficient electrocatalytic CO2 reduction on three-phase interface", Nature Catalysis, 1, p. 592-600, 2018.


14.  R. Zhang*, B. Liu*, A. Yang*, Y. Zhu*, C. Liu, G. Zhou, J. Sun, P-C. Hsu, W. Zhao, D. Lin, Y. Liu, A Pei, J. Xie, W. Chen, J. Xu, Y. Jin, T. Wu, Y. Cui, "In-situ investigation on the nanoscale capture and evolution of aerosols on nanofibers", Nano Letters, 18(2), p. 1130-1138, 2018. (* equal contribution)

13.  Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Song, P. Catrysse, P-C Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D.S. Wu, H.R. Lee, S. Fan, Y. Cui, "Nanoporous polyethylene microfibre for large scale radiative cooling fabric", Nature Sustainability, 1, p. 105-112, 2018.


12.  S. Somasundarama, Y. Zhu, Z. Lu, S. Adera, H. Bin, M. Wei, C.S. Tan, E.N. Wang, "Thermal design optimization of evaporator micropillar wicks", International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 134, p.179-187, 2018.


11.  Z. Lu, D.J. Preston, D.S. Antao, Y. Zhu, E.N. Wang, "Co-existence of pinning and moving on a contact line", Langmuir, 33(36), p. 8970–8975, 2017. 

10.  Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, D.W. Bian, S.R. Rao, J. Sircar, T.J. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Suppressing High-Frequency Temperature Oscillations in Microchannels with Surface Structures", Applied Physics Letters, 110(3), p. 033501, 2017. 



9.  D.J. Preston, A. Anders, B. Barabadi, E. Tio, Y. Zhu, D. Dai, E.N. Wang, "Electrowetting-on-Dielectric Actuation of a Spatial and Angular Manipulation Stage", Applied Physics Letters, 109(24), p. 244102, 2016.


8.  H.J. Cho, D.J. Preston, Y. Zhu, E.N. Wang, "Nanoengineered Materials for Liquid-Vapour Phase-Change Heat Transfer", Nature Reviews Materials, 2, p. 16092, 2016. 

7.  Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, K.-H. Chu, S. Chen, T.J. Hendricks, T.J. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Surface Structure Enhanced Microchannel Flow Boiling", Journal of Heat Transfer, 138(9), p. 091501, 2016. 

6.  Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, T. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Suppressed Dry-out in Two-Phase Microchannels via Surface Structures", Journal of Heat Transfer, 138(8), p. 080905, 2016.


5.  Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, Z. Lu, S. Somasundaram, T.J. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Prediction and Characterization of Dry-out Heat Flux in Micropillar Wick Structures", Langmuir, 32(7), p. 1920–1927, 2016.


4.  D.S. Antao, S. Adera, Y. Zhu, E. Farias, R. Raj, E.N. Wang, "Dynamic Evolution of the Evaporating Liquid-Vapor Interface in Micropillar Arrays", Langmuir, 32 (2), p. 519–526, 2016. 


3.  Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, R. Xiao, E.N. Wang, "Real-Time Manipulation with Magnetically Tunable Structures", Advanced Materials, 26(37), p. 6442–6446, 2014.  Featured on the front cover of Advanced Materials, and highlighted in MIT news. See video news here


2.  R. Raj, R. Enright, Y. Zhu, S. Adera, E.N. Wang, "Unified Model for Contact Angle Hysteresis on Heterogeneous and Superhydrophobic Surfaces", Langmuir, 28(45), p. 15777-15788, 2012.


1.  Y. Zhu, B. Zhao, B. Zhou, Z. Tan, "A Particle Resuspension Model in Ventilation Ducts," Aerosol Science and Technology, 46(2), p. 222-235, 2012. 

Conference proceedings

Conference proceedings

  1. X. Liang, L. Zhao, S. Seshadri, S. Bailey, M. Haggmark, M.E. Helgeson, M. Gordon, P. Luzzatto-Fegiz, J. Read de Alaniz, Y. Zhu, "Real-time manipulation of liquid droplets on slips using photo-responsive surfactant", Proceedings of the Micro Flow and Interfacial Phenomena μFIP 2022 Conference, June 20 - 23, 2022, Irvine, CA, USA

  2. Y. Zhu, J. Xie, A. Pei, Y. Cui, "Localized temperature hotspot induced fast lithium growth and short circuit in lithium batteries", Proceedings of the Second Pacific Rim Thermal Engineering Conference, Dec 13-17, 2019, Maui, Hawaii, USA

  3. L. Zhang*, Y. Zhu*, S.R. Rao, K.R. Bagnall, D.S. Antao, A. Leroy, L. Zhao, B. Bhatia, C.C., Kelsall, E.N. Wang, "In situ temperature measurement of evaporation in micropillar wick structures using micro-Raman spectroscopy", Proceedings of the 16th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC-16, Beijing, China, Aug 10-15, 2018. (* equal contribution)

  4. Y. Song, Y. Zhu, D.J. Preston, H.J. Cho, Z. Lu, E.N. Wang, "Investigating the relationship between surface wickability and CHF during pool boiling", Proceedings of the 16th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC-16, Beijing, China, Aug 10-15, 2018.

  5. K.L. Wilke*, K.B. Kalinina*, Y. Zhu, D.J. Preston, D.S. Antao, E.N. Wang, "Enhancement of dry-out heat flux in non-uniform variable permeability wicking structures", Proceedings of the 16th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC-16, Beijing, China, Aug 10-15, 2018.

  6. Y. Zhu, Z. Lu, D.S. Antao, H. Li, T.J. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Model optimization of dry-out heat flux from micropillar wick structures," ITHERM, Las Vegas, NV, May 31-Jun 3, 2016.  (Outstanding Poster Award)

  7. Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, D.W. Bian, T. Zhang, E.N. Wang, "Reducing instability and enhancing critical heat flux using integrated micropillars in two-phase microchannel heat sinks," 18th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), Anchorage, AK, June 21-25, 2015. 

  8. Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, K.-H. Chu, T.J. Hendricks, E.N. Wang, "Enhancing flow boiling heat transfer in microchannels with structured surfaces," International Heat Transfer Conference, Kyoto, Japan, August 10-15, 2014. 

  9. Y. Zhu, R. Xiao, E.N. Wang, "Design and fabrication of magnetically tunable microstructured surfaces," 17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), Barcelona, Spain, June 16-20, 2013. 

  10. K.-H. Chu, Y. Zhu, N. Miljkovic, Y. Nam, R. Enright, E.N. Wang, "Enhanced boiling heat transfer with copper oxide hierarchical surfaces," 17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), Barcelona, Spain, June 16-20, 2013. 

Book chapters

Book chapters

  1. Y. Zhu, H.K. Mutha, Y. Zhao, E.N. Wang, "Manipulating Water and Heat with Nanoengineered surfaces", in P. Norris and L. Friedersdorf (ed.), Women in Nanotechnology, Springer, 2019

  2. Y. Zhu, D.S. Antao, E.N. Wang, "Bio-Inspired Surfaces for Enhanced Boiling", in T. Deng (ed.), Bio-inspired Engineering of Thermal Materials, Wiley, 2018.

  3. D.S. Antao, Y. Zhu, E.N. Wang, "Boiling on Enhanced Surfaces", in F. Kulacki, Handbook of Thermal Science and Engineering, Springer, 2017.

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